The Lockwoods History


This page has attempted to provide as concise a history as possible of the Lockwood family. Tracing as it does the descendants of a large number of siblings, readers are invited to make use of the inter-site search facility at the bottom of this page for references to any given member.




John Lockwood [1] is the earliest confirmed Lockwood ancestor, for whom Parish Records confirm that he was born in Wapping and a “Bricklayer” by profession. The same parish records contain details of the birth and baptism of seven children, and list his wife’s name as Harriet.


Earliest recorded births are Mary Ann Lockwood [1]  who was baptised at St Mary Whitechapel on 9 June 1816 and believed to have been born in May 1816. The couple's second child Elizabeth Lockwood [1] was born 25 September 1818 but not baptised until 15 August 1819, once again at St Mary, Whitechapel. On 1 October 1821 John and Harriet had another daughter, Harriet Lockwood [1] who was baptised on 21 October 1821 at St George in the East. All three girls were recorded as having been born at the family residence in New Martin Street.


Three years later on 9 June 1824, John William Lockwood was born and his baptism took place on 7 July 1824 at St John, Wapping. Second son Philip James Lockwood [1] arrived on 26 April 1827, with his baptism also at St John, Wapping on 29 July 1827. John and Harriet's sixth child, a daughter, was born 30 July 1830 and baptised at St John, Wapping on 5 September 1830. Parish records confirm that she was the second daughter to be named Harriet, suggesting that the first born child of that name had died in infancy. The couple's last recorded child was Simon Alexander Lockwood, born cir May 1833 in East Smithfield/Wapping, and baptised at St George in the East on 30 June 1833.


The 1841 Census, held June 6/7, recorded that John Lockwood and his family were living at Braces Buildings, in the parish of Whitechapel within the borough of Tower Hamlets. Details included on the form were:





Whether Born in County

John Lockwood




Harriet Lockwood




John Lockwood




Phillip Lockwood




Harriet Lockwood




From the facts above, it may be confirmed that John's wife Harriet and all their children were born in the area then referred to as Whitechapel, and John himself from outside that district. Depending on the month of birth, the Census entries suggested he was born 6 June-December 1790 or January-5 June 1791, and Harriet was five years his junior.



Ten years later, on March 30/31 the 1851 Census indicated that the family were still in residence at Braces Buildings, St Mary, Whitechapel in the sub-registration district of Goodmans Fields within the borough of Tower Hamlets.




Relation to Head of Family




Where Born

John Lockwood





St John, Wapping

Harriet Lockwood





St Luke, Middlesex

Philip Lockwood




Cigar Maker

St Mary, Whitechapel

Harriet Lockwood





St Mary, Whitechapel

The 1851 Census confirms John Lockwood as being born within the vicinity and again suggests a 1790/91 year of birth. Harriet is similarly entered as five years his junior. Absent from the household were eldest son John William, by this time the father of four living in the vicinity, and youngest son Simon Alexander, for whom no other documentation has yet been located. 

[NOTE: The poor handwriting resulted in several transcription errors. Philip’s name was subsequently transcribed as “Shilt” Lockwood, mother Harriet’s name was given as “Hariat” and daughter listed as “Hariet”.] 



On 1 April 1851, just 24 hours after his inclusion on the above Census document, John Lockwood died from Consumption at his residence in 9 Braces Buildings. According to his death certificate, signed 5 April 1851 John was 57 years old - three years younger than his Census entries. His death had been reported by Jane Lockwood who, it may be safely assumed, was his daughter-in-law and wife of his son, Philip James Lockwood [1].


There does not appear to be an 1861 Census entry for Harriet who, in 1871, was entered as a “Widow”, aged 76 and in a Workhouse. On this occasion her year of birth was suggested as “about 1795”. Her last Census entry took place in 1881 at which point her age was given as 88 and estimated year of birth as “about 1793”. She was described as having been a Nurse Sub Medical Service and a resident of the St George in the East Workhouse. Harriet died on 14 July 1885 aged 92. Her death was attributed to senile decay and reported by Fanny Tyler, Matron of the Workhouse in Princes Street.


NOTE: The St George in the East Workhouse [detailed left] was taken over by the London County Council in 1930 and converted into the St George in the East Hospital. The hospital [detailed right] survived until the 1950s and was used as a temporary shelter for refugees of the Hungarian Uprising before being demolished in 1956. The site was re-developed by the council to provide much-needed housing in the area. Among the inhabitants of the new development were members of the Wood Family.



John and Harriet's Descendants

John William Lockwood


John William Lockwood was the first of John Lockwood's four recorded children. He was born in Whitechapel, in1824, and married Sarah Cuthbert, born 1822/3. John, whose profession was listed as "Cigar Maker", died in 1890 aged 65, his death confirmed by the 1891 Census listing Sarah Lockwood as the Head of the household. Their firstborn child would seem to be George Richard Lockwood, born in 1845. John William first appeared on a Census form taken 31 March 1851, his address given as 10 Phillip Street, St George in the East. Listed with him were wife Sarah (29), her mother, Sarah Cuthbert (62), and their four sons - George Lockwood (6), John Lockwood (4), William Lockwood (2) and Thomas Lockwood (2 months).

Ten years later, the 8th April 1861 Census indicated that John William Lockwood and his family were still at 10 Philip Street. (NB: In 1851 Phillip Street had been spelt with a double "L"). Eldest son George Richard was no longer in residence, but the family had grown with the addition of five daughters. The 10 Philip Street household consisted of 11 members: John Lockwood (Head - 36), Sarah Lockwood (Wife - 39), her mother Sarah Cuthbert (73), and children John (14), William (12), Thomas (10), Sarah A Lockwood (8), Rachel Lockwood (5), Harriet Lockwood (3), Mary A Lockwood (3) and Elizabeth Lockwood (1). (NB: Typed transcripts of this Census wrongly list John William Lockwood's mother-in-law as Sarah Cathleet instead of Sarah Cuthbert. Both Harriet and Mary are listed as being three years of age, and assumed to be twins.) John William Lockwood's profession was still given as "Cigar Maker".

In April 1871, the Census revealed that John William Lockwood continued to be a "Cigar Maker", but that he and his family had moved from 10 Philip Street to 19 Philip Street. The number of family members present on the night of the Census was 10: John Wm Lockwood (Head - 46), Sarah Lockwood (Wife - 48), their children Thomas (20), Sarah Ann (18), Rachel (16), Mary Ann (13), Elizabeth (11), Isabel Lockwood (7), Eliza Lockwood (5) and grandson George John Lockwood aged three. It is likely John William's mother-in-law Sarah Cuthbert had died in the intervening decade. Also absent from the household was son William Lockwood, who had married and left home 12 months earlier, and Mary Ann's twin sister Harriet. Searches for Harriet have drawn a blank. (NOTE: The family's move to 19 Philip Street was fateful. Next door at number 17 were the Buck Family, among whose children was 14 years old schoolgirl Amelia Buck who, nine years later, would marry George Richard Lockwood, at that time a 26 years old Able Seaman on board HMS Racoon in Halifax Dockyard.  

The Census of 3 April 1881 confirmed John William Lockwood and wife Sarah still in residence at 19 Philip Street, but by this time the dwelling was home to just three of their children - Elizabeth (21), Isabella (17) and Eliza (15). Also listed on the Census was their 14 years old grandson, George J Lockwood, entered as "son" in error.

This was the last Census to include John William Lockwood who died, aged 65, on 14 February 1890 at his Philip Street home.Wife Sarah survived him and, though 69, was still working as a charwoman according to the 1891 Census. Home continued to be at 19 Philip Street which she shared with single daughter Elizabeth, 32, and three years old grandson, Edward Lockwood. [NOTE: With no grandchild of her own named Edward Lockwood, it is believed that "grandson" Edward was, in fact, the grandson of John William's brother, Philip James Lockwood, with whom he shared both name and credited year of birth.]

The1901 Census indicates that Sarah, now listed as 80, had moved to Gough Street, Poplar, London E14 where she lived with son John (55) and a grand-daughter, Grace Garnham, aged 10. Sarah died aged 84 on 14 December 1906. Her death occurred at 4 Market Street, Ratcliffe, London E which, according to the certificate, was the address of her daughter, Mary Ann Garnham.


Modern day map of St George in the East. Area north of Cable Street highlighted in red is what used to be Phillip Street. Martha Street is approximately 400 yards to the east. of Phillip Street.

George Richard Lockwood was the first of John William Lockwood and Sarah Cuthbert's 11 children. He was born on 4 March 1845 in St George in the East, London E1 and first appeared on a Census form in March 1851, aged six, while the family were living at 10 Philip Street.

At the time of the next census, in April 1861, George, then 16, was a B2 Class sailor on board HMS Leopard docked in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He remained in the Royal Navy for at least 10 more years as is indicated by the following Census in April 1871 that had him included with other Able Seamen on board HMS Racoon in Halifax Dockyard. 


George Richard Lockwood did not marry until 1880, aged 35. His wife was Amelia Buck, 12 years his junior, who was born in Stepney in 1857. While George had been with the Royal Navy, her family had moved into 17 Philip Street, next door to George's parents and siblings at number 19. Their marriage took place in Whitechapel. The 1881 Census was held the following year and indicated that George Richard and Amelia had started married life at 15 Martha Street, Shadwell, a home they shared with Amelia's sisters Sarah and Mary, and the latter's two daughters. 


Fifteen months later, in July 1882, George Richard and Amelia had their first child, whom they named George Arthur Lockwood. By this time they had moved out of Martha Street and into the main Lockwood family home at 19 Phillip Street. It is not known how long they stayed at this address. However, following John William Lockwood's death, the 1891 Census indicated that only Sarah, daughter Elizabeth and a grandson, Edward Lockwood, were in residence at Phillip Street. That same 1891 Census indicated that George Richard Lockwood and wife Amelia had moved to Joseph Street within the same location of St George in the East. Living with them were sons George Arthur Lockwood, James Thomas Lockwood (b.1886/7) and John Benjamin Lockwood (b.1889/90) and daughter Mary Ann Lockwood [4] (b.1884). 


The first Census of the new century (1901) saw George Richard Lockwood move his family about 1.5 miles north-east to 51 Aston Street, between Limehouse and Stepney Green. Since the previous Census, his family had grown to include Richard Albert Lockwood (b.1894) and Charles Edmund Lockwood (b.1897). Birthplace for each was in St George in the East.


George Richard Lockwood died on 30 May 1914 at his home in 16 Maroon Street, London E14. His death certificate advised he was 68 years old and had been a Stevedore labourer. Registration informant was his son, G A Lockwood, whose address was given as 184 Old Church Road, Mile End. His widow, Amelia Buck Lockwood, died on 5 June 1940, aged 84.





Modern day map of Whitechapel, Stepney, Shadwell and Limehouse. By coincidence, the Docklands Light Railway, (DLR) reading from left to right, above the yellow Cable Street, follows an almost identical route to the homes occupied by George Richard Lockwood. Phillip Street was sited where a current walkway exists connecting Ellen Street and Pinchin Street, immediately above the start of Cable Street. Martha Street can be seen directly alongside the DLR station at Shadwell, and Aston Street lies due north of Limehouse station on he other side of Salmon Lane.


George Arthur Lockwood was the first of George Richard Lockwood and Amelia Buck's six recorded children. He was born 28 July 1882. His birth certificate states that he was born at 17 Philip Street which, at the time, was still home to Amelia's father Benjamin, brother Charles and sister Elizabeth. He made his first Census form appearance in 1891 aged eight at the family's home at 30 Joseph Street. By the 1901 Census, the family had moved to 51 Aston Street.


In 1907, George Arthur married 19 years old Emma Blackburn, the daughter of Robert and Ellen Blackburn. Both he and Emma were living at 16 Maroon Street, London E14 at the time, a road leading directly into Aston Street. On their marriage certificate, George Arthur's Profession was listed as Dredger, and his father described as a Stevedore. Emma's mother was listed as "Deceased". George Arthur and Emma remained in Stepney throughout their lives and were parents to Ellen [Nell] Amelia Lockwood, Mary Elizabeth Lockwood, Edith [Edie] Lockwood., George Thomas Lockwood, Richard Robert [Bob] Lockwood, twins Annie Eliza Lockwood and an un-named child who died soon after, Alice Susan Lockwood and John James Lockwood. All George Arthur's children, with the exception of George, married and had children of their own.


Emma Blackburn Lockwood died in 1948 at her home in Regent House, Commercial Road, London. George Arthur Lockwood was still living at this address when he, too, died at home in January 1951. All but one of their children have since died.



Modern day close-up section of the Limehouse area that was home to the Lockwood Family. Leading off Ben Johnson Road (depicted in yellow in the top left) is Aston Street, in which number 51 was home to George Richard Lockwood and his family. Travelling south, approximately halfway down Aston Street, is Maroon Street, where number 16 was home to George Arthur Lockwood and Emma Blackburn. Continuing south down Aston Street is Salmon Lane, from which the next turning to the east is Conder Street. It was at number 16 that Richard Robert Lockwood was born.



Richard Robert Lockwood, known to everyone as “Bob”, was the 5th of nine children born to George Arthur Lockwood and Emma Blackburn. He was born on 31st January 1916 in the family home at 16 Conder Street, London E14. Home for Bob and his family consisted of two rooms above a Mission Hall at that address. 


In July 1940, Bob was conscripted into the RAF serving a total of four years. While on leave on 11 September 1941, he married Ann Norah Wood, the 22 years old daughter of Thomas Charles Wood and Charlotte Edler


Bob and Ann were separated for three years while he was on war service with the RAF in Africa. A year after his return, the couple had their only child, Patricia Ann Lockwood, born on her mother’s birthday on 2nd October 1945. Throughout their married life the couple lived in Wapping, London E1. 

A long distance lorry driver by profession, Richard Robert Lockwood died at the London Hospital, Whitechapel, London E1 on 30 March 1991. He was 76. Wife Ann Norah Wood pre-deceased him on 26 July 1988 aged 69.

Today, little remains of the addresses once occupied by John William Lockwood, George Richard Lockwood and their families. During the Sixties and Seventies, much of the area around Philip Street and Martha Street was redeveloped to make way for local community housing. Similarly, all that remains of Condor Street is a 10-yard cul-de-sac, beyond which is a vast council housing estate. 


Present-day descendants of George Richard Lockwood, though concentrated in the South-East, are for the most part living outside of London in Essex, Middlesex, Hertfordshire and Buckinghamshire. Other branches of the family have emigrated to Canada and the United States.



* * * * *


John Philip Lockwood, born in 1846 in St George in the East, was the second of  11 surviving children born to John William Lockwood and Sarah Cuthbert. Little documentation exists for John Philip, who first appeared on a Census form in 1861. 


He was listed as living with his parents in the family home on both the 1851 and 1861 Census forms. Subsequent information for him is limited, although a record does exist of a John Lockwood marrying in October-December 1867, but no details are provided of the partner. Several elements, however, make it almost certain that this record does indeed refer to John Philip Lockwood. The marriage took place in Stepney, from where an Eleanor Collins, whom he is known to have married, lived with her family in the Limehouse area. The couple had a son, George John Lockwood, born 21 February 1968 at 30 Eastfield Street, Limehouse in the present day vicinity of Maroon Street, London E14. On the birth certificate, John Lockwood is entered as a "Cigar Maker", the occupation of both his father and uncle, Philip James Lockwood [1].


In 1871, three years old George John Lockwood was listed in the Census as residing at the 19 Philip Street home of his grandfather John William Lockwood, and correctly described as "Grandson". He again appeared within their household in the 1881 Census, and on that occasion was wrongly entered as John William's son.


While their son was being included on Census entries in Philip Street, neither parent appeared on any forms for 1871, 1881 or 1891. John Philip resurfaced in 1901, in Poplar, living with his then 80 years old mother Sarah, and her grand-daughter Grace Garnham, the daughter of his younger sister Mary Ann Lockwood. Eleanor had died five years earlier, in 1896.Her place of death was Poplar, suggesting that, possibly, the 1901 Census address was the home she shared with John. Mystery nevertheless surrounds the three "missing" decades during which period son George John appears to have been living with his grandparents.


In the quarter of April-June 1988, George John, then 21,  married Mary Ann Downs, also aged about 21. The couple married in Mary Ann's home district of Bethnal Green, which was less than two miles from the Philip Street location of George’s grandfather. Following their marriage the couple set up home in Bethnal Green, and it was in that registration district that all their children were quoted as being born. The 1891 Census confirmed George’s name and his age as 23, corresponding to the entries on his birth certificate, the 1871 form and the Marriage Records entry. His wife’s year of birth was given as “about 1869”.


George's place of birth had originally been documented as “St Dunstan’s, Stepney” in the 1871 Census, matching the details entered under "Registration District" on his birth certificate. In 1881 the location was given as “Limehouse” - equally acceptable since Limehouse was a sub-district of Stepney. Ten years later, in1891, it was listed as “Stepney, London”. The inclusion of wife Mary Ann and daughter Isabella, born cir January 1889, provided an important continuity link to the 1901 Census that, as well as including wife Mary Ann and daughter Isabella, went on to detail his other children - George Arthur Lockwood [2] (c December 1889), Henry Charles Lockwood (listed as "Harry") (c1893), Sarah Lockwood (c1895), Edward Lockwood (c1897), Robert Lockwood (1898) and James Lockwood 1900). The 1901 Census, however, did produce an anomaly by entering Bethnal Green as the place of birth for every single member of the family - including George.


* * * * *


William Lockwood was the third of the 11 children born to John William Lockwood and Sarah Cuthbert. Details of his and son Robert's life, are both complicated and extraordinary.


William was born October-December 1848 in St George in the East, London E1, and was listed as living with his parents in the family home on both the 1851 and 1861 Census. In January-March 1870, aged 21, he married Mary Ann Elizabeth Hills, 18. In the 1871 Census of the following year, his profession was given as “Cigar Maker” – matching that of father John William Lockwood. He, Mary Ann and their two months old son Robert W Lockwood were listed as living in Turner Street, Mile End Old Town. Mary Ann died in April-June 1876 aged just 25. Curiously, following the death of first wife Mary Ann, there were no further Census associations between William and Robert.


In the 1881 Census, William is entered as a Lodger at 30 Tudor Street in the West Derby ward of Liverpool. Listed as a widower, confirmation of his identity is provided by his age of 32 and Occupation as a Cigar Maker. The next Census to include his name was in 1891. On that form his district of birth had been given as St Georges and not St George in the East. He had moved from Turner Street, London E1 to Carmen Street, Poplar – then regarded as the civil parish of Bromley St Leonard. His profession was still listed as Cigar Maker. Sharing 11 Carmen Street with him were his second wife Sarah, listed as being 32 years old, and their children Lydia Lockwood (11), Mabel Lockwood (4), Harriet Lockwood (2) and an un-named three-week-old son. Further research revealed that the infant had been subsequently named John William Lockwood [2] after his grandfather, who had died the year before, and that Lydia was Sarah's daughter from her first marriage to an Omar Neal.


Ten years later, the 1901 Census brought further changes. It revealed that the family had moved once again - this time travelling south of the Thames to Hall Road, Camberwell. On this occasion William was correctly credited as having been born in St George in the East. His age was equally accurate at 52, and his Occupation again entered as Cigar Maker. Sarah had died in 1898 and William had married a third time. Neither his daughter Mabel, nor son John William were included on the Census form, but added to the list of children were Charles Lockwood (7) and Ellen Lockwood (5). Sadly, John William Lockwood [2] had died and his death registered in the January-March quarter of 1892. In the case of Mabel, however, there is a 1901 Census listing matching her date and parish of birth that indicates she was a 14 years old servant girl in a Camberwell household. A London Surrey death record for a Sarah Lockwood, aged 40, in July-September 1898 in the Camberwell registration district suggests that this was when William became a widower for a second time.


A search for details of William's third marriage revealed that this had taken place in the Camberwell registration district in the quarter of July-September 1900. His bride had been Lydia Nathalie Neal, 31 years his junior. Research on persons of this name revealed an extraordinary pedigree. A similarly-named Lydia Nathalie Neal had been born in 1879 to Shadwell couple Omar Neal and his wife Sarah J Neal. Census details for this family also highlighted the fact that Sarah J Neal had been born in the same year as William's second wife of that name, and that both she and daughter Lydia had birthplaces matching the entries for Sarah and Lydia Lockwood on the 1881 Census form. Further research indicated that Omar Neal had died in the Poplar area in 1918 at the age of 65. The only conclusion to be drawn from these facts is that Sarah had married William Lockwood following a divorce from Omar Neal, and that the 1881 "daughter" entry for Lydia applied solely to the mother. Notwithstanding the huge 31-year gap in their ages, the marriage of William to step-daughter Lydia complicated the family's genealogy still further with the birth of their son, George William Lockwood, in 1900.


Robert William Lockwood 


Robert William Lockwood was the son of William Lockwood and his first wife Mary Ann Elizabeth Hills. His birth was registered in January-March 1871 in the then registration district of Mile End Old Town (West Ward), and his first Census entry, aged two months, saw him residing with his parents at Turner Street in the same parish.


Mile End Old Town, however, is not, as the name might imply, a region to the east of Cambridge Heath Road - the intersection at which point the Whitechapel Road ended and the Mile End Road began - stretching beyond Stepney Green to Mile End itself. The registration district, in fact, commenced as far west as what is now known as Aldgate East – bounded by Commercial Road to the south and below Whitechapel Road to the north. The northern boundary was the London Hospital and eastern limit extended to St Dunstan’s Church. Turner Street runs parallel with New Road, both streets leading from Commercial Road towards Whitechapel Road.


The next recorded entry for Robert’s family was the tragic death of his 25 years old mother in the spring of 1876. Robert was just five years old at the time.


An 1881 Census Record exists for a Robert Lockwood, similarly born in 1871, but with Limehouse given as the registration district. While at one time the area from Aldgate East stretching along the Commercial Road towards Poplar was referred to as Stepney, the same cannot be said for Limehouse which was distinctly east of Turner Street. This Robert Lockwood was the 10 years old nephew of the Head of the 61 Teviot Street, Bromley by Bow Household, Robert Snell. Mr Snell was a builder, whose household included another nephew and niece named Leach, and a second niece with the surname Hills – matching the maiden name of Robert William Lockwood’s mother, Mary Ann. Of subsequent interest, too, was that Snell’s Leach relatives hailed from Suffolk.  


While on Census night Robert was recorded as staying with his uncle Robert Snell at Teviot Street, his father, William, was registered as being a lodger at 30 Tudor Street, West Derby, Liverpool.


Research into the Hills and Snell relationships reveals that a George Hills (born cir 1793) married a Mary Ann ~~~ (born cir 1789). They had two children: George Hills [2] (born cir 1825) and Mary Ann Elizabeth Hills (born cir 1828). A George Hills, with matching 1824/5 date of birth, married Mary Elizabeth Burrell with whom he had a daughter born in 1851. A strong indication that this was George Hills [2] lies in the fact that he named this daughter Mary Ann Elizabeth Hills - all four names identical to that of his sister. (NB: His wife's name was Mary Elizabeth and not Mary Ann Elizabeth.) George [2]'s sister, the elder M A E Hills, married Robert Snell in the West Ham registration district in 1847. Four years later, Robert Snell would have become the uncle, through marriage, to the younger Mary Ann Elizabeth Hills, who subsequently became the wife of William Lockwood and mother of Robert W Lockwood.


The 1891 Census once again provided an entry for a Robert Lockwood born in 1871 – on this occasion with Stepney given as the registration district. He was once again described as the nephew of the Head of Household – the now retired Robert Snell. On the Census night in question, residents at the house also included Snell’s wife Mary and two visitors from London. Of special interest was that this Census was conducted in Claydon, Suffolk to where Robert Snell had retired. A question which appears to remain unanswered is why did Robert and his father live apart following the death of his mother?


Four years later, in the October-December quarter of 1895, the marriage was recorded of Robert William Lockwood, 24, to 39 years old widow Kate Mary Ann Snow in the Ipswich registration district in Suffolk. The entry of his middle name William provided confirmation of his identity.


Mrs Snow, born Kate Mary Ann Levett, had been the widow of  medical practitioner William Clement White Snow, born c1850 in Aden. The couple had three children: William Stephen Snow (born 1883), Edward Ladell Snow (1887), and John R White Snow (1891). They and their mother had all been born in Ipswich. The Census of 1901 confirmed Robert W Lockwood as having been born in Stepney and listed him as the 30 years old Head of Household at the family home in The Street, Claydon, Suffolk. His profession was entered as “Living on own means”. The three Snow boys, now aged 18, 14 and 10, were listed as Stepson.


NOTE: At the time of her marriage to William Lockwood, 21 years old Lydia Nathalie Neale became the step-mother-in-law to the then 44 years old Kate Mary Ann Levett Snow.



* * * * *



Thomas Lockwood was the fourth of the 11 children born to John William Lockwood and Sarah Cuthbert. He was also their youngest son since the couple first had four boys in succession followed by seven girls in a row.


He was born in February 1851 and first made an appearance on a Census form in April of that year, in which he was described as being two months old. He subsequently appeared on the 1861 Census aged 10 and in 1871 aged 20. Throughout this period, home for Thomas was first at 10 Philip Street, E1 and then at number 19.


Thomas did not appear on any further Census forms and it seems likely that it was he who was recorded as having died, aged 20, in January-March 1872 in St George in the East.


* * * * *


Sarah Ann Lockwood was the fifth of the 11 children born to John William Lockwood and Sarah Cuthbert, and the first of their seven daughters. She was born April-June 1853 in St George in the East, London E1.


She was listed as living with her parents in the family home on both the 1861 and 1871 Census forms. In January-March 1876, Sarah, then 22, married Richard Henry Sadler [1], 23, whose birth had been registered in Mile End. The marriage was registered in the London borough of Stepney.


Sarah and Richard moved to the Plaistow area which, at that time, fell within the West Ham registration district. As a result, most entries for the Sadler family are listed within West Ham, then regarded as a part of Essex. Their first child is believed to have been Richard Henry Sadler [2], who was born in the family home at 72 Burnham Street, Plastow on 20 September 1879. Young Richard tragically died at the same address in February 1881 aged only 16 and a half months.


The couple’s first surviving son would appear to have been Thomas Sadler, born in 1881, followed by William Arthur Sadler in 1884. Neither Richard nor Sarah appear to feature on an 1881 Census, but in 1891 they are listed as residing at 72 Burnham Street, Canning Town, with their seven months old son, George Sadler, who had therefore been born in 1890. There is no mention of either Thomas or William on that form.


Tragedy struck again when Sarah died in January-March 1900 aged 46. The Census for the following year, 1901, describes Richard Henry Sadler as being a Widower and shows him as having moved to 101 Woodstock Street, Canning Town, With him at that address were sons Thomas (19), William Arthur (17) and George (10).




* * * * *


Rachel Lockwood was the sixth of the 11 children born to John William Lockwood and Sarah Cuthbert. She was born October-December 1859 in St George in the East, London E1.


She was listed as living with her parents in the family home at the time of the 1861 and 1871 Census forms, and moved out of St George in the East following her marriage in the London City registration district to William George Jerwood [1] in October-December 1875.


No 1881 Census Record for Rachel & William has yet been located, but in 1891 the couple were in residence at 10 Higham Road, East Ham, together with their children: William (13), Belle Eliza (9), Hannah Maud (5), Alfred John (3) and Thomas (1). The couple had a sixth child, John Jerwood, in 1892. Two years later, in July-September 1894, Rachel died.

A year after her death, widower William George Jerwood [1] married Rachel’s younger sister, Elizabeth Lockwood [2], with whom he had three more children - James Jerwood (c1898), George Thomas Jerwood (c1900) and Saran Ann Jerwood [c1901].


* * * * *

Mary Ann Lockwood [2] was the seventh of the 11 children born to John William Lockwood and Sarah Cuthbert and believed to be the twin sister of Harriet Lockwood. She was born in 1857 in St George in the East, London E1.


Mary Ann was listed as living with her parents in the Philip Street, London E1 family home at the time of the 1861 and 1871 Census forms. In the July-September quarter of 1879 a Mary Ann Lockwood was registered as having married a William Garnham in the London City district. The bride, almost certainly, was the daughter of John William Lockwood.


Supporting this is an 1891 Census record for 19 Philip Street, home to a family whose name was entered as “Garnum”. Head of the Garnum family was William, born “about 1853”, his wife Mary Ann, born “about 1856” and their daughters Rebecca, 9, and Grace, 11 months. Next door at number 17 were living Sarah Lockwood, her daughter Elizabeth Lockwood and Grandson Edward Lockwood.


No 1881 Census documentation appears to exist for either this Garnham or Garnum family. However, tying the two families together are the results of the 1901 Census conducted at 86 Gough Street , Poplar. Head of the household was Sarah Lockwood, then listed as 80, her 55 years old son John Lockwood and 10 years old grand-daughter Grace Garnham.


Mary Ann and William are believed to have had six children: Rebecca Isabel Garnham (1882), Mary Ann E Garnham (1883), Sarah Garnham (1886), William George Garnham (1888), Grace G Garnham (1890) and Benjamin Garnham (1892). Of these, only Rebecca and Grace are confirmed as having survived to adulthood.


Rebecca Isabel Garnham married William Turner in October-December 1909. The couple had a daughter, Rebecca G Turner, registered in July-September 1911. Grace G Garnham married John G Legrand in the July-September quarter of 1913.


* * * * *


Harriet Lockwood [3] was the eighth of the 11 children born to John William Lockwood and Sarah Cuthbert, and believed to be the twin sister of Mary Ann Lockwood. She was born in 1857 in St George in the East, London E1.


Harriet was listed as living with her parents in the Philip Street, London E1 family home at the time of the 1861 Census, in which both she and Mary Ann were entered as being three years old.


There does not appear to be any further documentation matching Harriet’s date and place of birth and she was noticeably absent from the 1871 Census.


* * * * *


Elizabeth Lockwood [2] was the ninth of the 11 children born to John William Lockwood and Sarah Cuthbert. She was born October-December 1859 in St George in the East, London E1.


She was listed as living with her parents in the family home at the time of the 1861, 1871 and 1881 Census forms, and in 1891 was living with her mother and her mother’s grandson Edward Lockwood at 17 Philip Street. (NOTE: The handwritten entry had read “Eliz. Lockwood, 32” and had subsequently been wrongly transcribed as being aged 52.)

In 1894, Elizabeth’s elder sister Rachel died at the age of 38. She had been the wife of William George Jerwood [1], the son of George William Jerwood (born c1832) and Mary Ann Jerwood (born c1830), and the mother of his six children: William George Jerwood [2] (c1878), Bella Eliza Jerwood (c1882), Hannah Maud Jerwood (c1886), Alfred John Jerwood (c1888), Thomas Jerwood (c1890) and John Jerwood (c1893). Rachel’s death was registered in the July-September quarter of 1894. 

One year later, in July-September 1895, Elizabeth married her former brother-in-law and became stepmother to her nephews and nieces. She had three children with William George Jerwood [1] - James Jerwood (c1898), George Thomas Jerwood (c1900) and Saran Ann Jerwood [c1901]. According to the 1901 Census there were 11 persons in residence at 93 Hind Street, Poplar. They were William Jerwood (Head – 46), Elizabeth Jerwood (Wife – 42), their children William (23), Bella (19), Hannah (15), Alfred (13), Thomas (11), John (8), James (3), and George (1). The 11th person was named Edward Lockwood, aged 12, described as a Cousin.


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Isabella Lockwood was the 10th of the 11 children born to John William Lockwood and Sarah Cuthbert. She was born c1863 in St George in the East, London E1.


Isabel was listed as living with her parents in the Philip Street, London E1 family home at the time of the 1871 and 1881 Census forms. In 1871, she was entered as Isabel Lockwood, aged 7; in 1881 her name appeared as Isabella, aged 17.


No documentation has yet been located to confirm if Isabel(la) married or died prior to the 1891 Census.


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Eliza Lockwood was the youngest of the 11 children born to John William Lockwood and Sarah Cuthbert. She was born October-December 1865 in St George in the East, London E1.


She was listed as living with her parents in the family home at 19 Philip Street on both the 1871 and 1881 Census forms, but in the spring of 1885, stilll only 19, she married Alfred John Twidle [1], aged 25, from Bermondsey, London SE.


The couple had seven children, all of them believed to have been born in the West Ham area, at that time deemed to be part of Essex - Alfred John Twidle [2] (1885), Rachel Smith Twidle (c1888), Maude Twidle (1891), Eliza Twidle (1894), Walter Twidle (1897) Clara Twidle (1898), Sarah Twidle (1900) and John Twidle (1902). Like her eldest sibling, George Richard Lockwood – 20 years her senior – Eliza’s descendants have been successfully traced to the present day.


Confirmed present-day Lockwood-Twidle descendants stem from first-born Alfred John Twidle [2] and his wife Emma ~~~, and second child Rachel Smith Twidle and husband Frederick Sharp. Alfred and Emma were the parents of Alfred Twidle (c1903), Emma Twidle (c1905) and Walter Robert Twidle (1907). Rachel and Frederick were the parents of Kate Sharp, Frederick Alfred Sharp, Vera Joan Georgina Sharp and Herbert William Sharp.


Their family members are now to be found in Britain, Canada and the United States.




The Descendants of Philip James Lockwood